In 1930, Congress established the Federal Bureau of Narcotics and placed Harry Anslinger in charge. This was shortly after the catastrophe of prohibition. The population refused to give up alcohol and Congress hated to admit defeat. They needed a new enemy to fight. Marijuana was the ideal target. Harry Anslinger told the public that there was 100,000 marijuana smokers among them. He claimed that most of these were Negroes, Hispanics, Filipinos and entertainers. He pointed a finger at marijuana for their wild jazz and swing music. He further warned the public that marijuana caused white women to seek sexual relations with Negroes. The Great Depression had instilled a great resentment against foreigners and bred racism. People were easily influenced and the negative connotations associated with marijuana began. Where once cannabis was embraced for its medicinal properties, it was not accused of inciting violence and promiscuity. By 1936, laws restricting marijuana were in place across the country. Medicines such as aspirin, morphine and opioids took over as painkillers. A year later, Congress put in place the Marijuana Tax Act, still allowing physicians and pharmacists to prescribe marijuana, but so heavily taxing it that it became cost prohibitive. In the mid to late sixties, as young people objected to the establishment, the government once again held marijuana to blame for their refusal to conform. Unfortunately, these mistaken and archaic beliefs have stuck around and still color people’s perceptions today. Gradually, however, as cannabis is proven effective in the treatment of numerous illnesses and disorders, awareness and acceptance is on the rise.