Passed by Congress in 1968, the Controlled Substance Act (CSA) established a single classification system for narcotic plus psychotropic drugs. The system was to assign each drug a single of 5 schedules according to safety plus medical effectiveness. A commission was appointed by Congress to decide how to schedule marijuana. This group became known as the Shafer Commission. Until the classification could be determined, marijuana was temporarily arenas in the most restrictive classification. This classification was reserved for drugs with a high potential for abuse plus no satisfactory medical use. The final report from the Shafer Commission called for marijuana to be decriminalized plus removed from the scheduling system altogether. President Nixon rejected this recommendation, then by the late eighties, gay boys in San Francisco were dying in frightening numbers from Aids-related troubles. Aids sufferers found some relief from the use of cannabis. A string of police raids plus arrests concentrated on this helpless segment of the population plus led to public outrage. This began the outcry for change in the state’s marijuana laws. Unfortunately, the change took a particularly long time. Finally, in 1996, California voters approved the Compassionate Use Act. Medical marijuana patients plus caregivers were then exempt from criminal prosecution, but over the next fifteen years, an additional sixteen states passed medical marijuana legislation. CO plus WA were the first two states to legalize recreational marijuana. As it stands, 29 states have passed medical marijuana legislation, with more than seven legalizing recreational use, plus fifteen allowing strictly the use of cannabidiol (CBD), a non-psychoactive form of cannabis. At the federal level, however, cannabis remains in the most restrictive classification.